Dr Paul Smith is a Senior Scientist in the Safety and Security Department of the AIT, Austrian Institute of Technology. Previous to this appointment he was a Senior Research Associate at Lancaster University, UK. He received his Ph.D. in September 2003 and graduated in 1999 with an honours degree in Computer Science from Lancaster. Paul’s research interests lie in the various ways that networked (socio-technical) systems fail to provide a desired service when under duress from various challenges, such as attacks and mis-configurations. He has participated in a number of international research projects, including the EU-funded ResumeNet project which investigated a framework for network resilience. Currently, he is primarily working on the EU-funded PRECYSE project, which is investigating the security and resilience of critical information infrastructures.